Baghdad is the capital of Iraq, and the second-largest Arab city after Cairo, with a population of around 7 million.
It is also the second-largest city in Western Asia after Tehran.
Baghdad is, unfortunately, currently in an extremely dangerous security situation, under a very high threat of terrorist attack and very high threat of kidnapping.
Baghdad used to be a vibrant city full of life and energy, but nowadays, people hardly go out in the streets, parks, and souqs anymore, not because it is unsafe, but because it is neglected and dirty.
Street potholes, broken and dirty sidewalks, and shabby dirty buildings with broken facades are everywhere.
Still, the city’s soul lies within and can be felt only if you look for it.
Warnings & Dangers in Baghdad
OVERALL RISK: HIGH
Baghdad isn't the safest country to visit, because of its complicated political situation and turmoil that took over the country and its neighbors. Unfortunately, at this time, there's a very high threat of terrorist attacks and a very high threat of kidnapping in this city.
TRANSPORT & TAXIS RISK: MEDIUM
Terrorist groups make transportation through the country rather difficult. What people use is a fully armored car or Rhino (armored bus). Within the confines of the International Zone, you can ride a free shuttle bus service. You can also go on foot to some parts within the International Zone or ride a bicycle.
PICKPOCKETS RISK: MEDIUM
Petty crime in Baghdad exists and if you do leave your accommodation be careful in crowded places such as bus and train stations and keep your valuables in your accommodation.
NATURAL DISASTERS RISK: LOW
Iraq sits on an active seismic zone and there is a risk of tremors and earthquakes in Baghdad, as well as the floodings and droughts.
MUGGING RISK: MEDIUM
Violent crime has been on the rise during the past three years. There have also been some kidnappings involving foreigners. Traveling in groups is recommended in Baghdad. Avoid any suspicious parts of the city or going out at all after dark.
TERRORISM RISK: HIGH
Terrorists are very likely to try and carry out attacks in Baghdad. The biggest threat is coming from the extremist groups like Daesh that are responsible for the majority of attacks. Remain vigilant at all times.
SCAMS RISK: MEDIUM
Scams are the least of your problems if you're in Baghdad, but yes, there are scammers here that will try to trick you. Double-check your change, never pay anything upfront and negotiate everything in advance. Be very careful around ATMs and be wary of people trying to distract you.
WOMEN TRAVELERS RISK: MEDIUM
Baghdad isn't dangerous for women particularly, but it is advised for tourists in general, regardless of their gender, not to walk around Baghdad, be it during day or night, as the country is essentially in the state of warfare.
So... How Safe Is Baghdad Really?
Baghdad, unfortunately, isn’t too safe to travel to.
However, since Baghdad is a huge city, there are very safe areas and some that aren’t.
If you’re going to stroll along ordinary streets of Baghdad, wear clothes that don’t distinguish you from others, because it might make others have wrong assumptions about you.
If it is necessary to visit Baghdad, then remain cautious and aware of your surroundings at all times, and consult your embassy before you leave.
If you go to Baghdad and you have certain opinions on its history, religion and the sectarian warfare that has been going on for over a decade, keep it to yourself as expressing these opinions in certain areas can end with fatal consequences.
A good rule of thumb is to avoid any religious or political discussions.
Baghdad can have leftover mines in secluded areas of the city, so do not stray anywhere, do not walk into fields, especially unmarked ones unless you’re guided by someone who knows the area or is sure that it’s safe.
It would be best not to go anywhere without an escort from the Iraqi army.
Visiting Baghdad definitely isn’t for everyone, but if you want to visit it for a short time, it’s okay and you probably won’t have a bad experience – just apply all precautions measures.
How Does Baghdad Compare?
|Phnom Penh (Cambodia)
|Niagara Falls (Canada)
|Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Most countries do need a visa to enter Baghdad. Make sure your passport is valid for at least the next six months. If you are not sure about your visa status, contact your local Iraqi embassy for more information.
The Iraqi dinar is the official currency in Baghdad. ATMs exist throughout the city and are mostly located outside of banks.
The climate in Baghdad is mostly mild, though extremes to both ends can occur. The average temperature in Baghdad can range from scorching hot in July and August to below freezing in January. It receives plenty of precipitation, mostly within a period between December and April.
Baghdad International Airport, formerly referred to as Saddam International Airport, is Baghdad's largest and main international airport. It is located about 16 km west of downtown Baghdad.
Just like anywhere else, we recommend getting travel insurance when traveling to Baghdad, since it covers not only the costs of medical problems but also theft and loss of valuables.
Baghdad Weather Averages (Temperatures)
Average High/Low Temperature
|Temperature / Month
Iraq - Safety by City