Is Elephant Butte Safe? Crime Rates & Safety Report

Updated On July 26, 2023
Elephant Butte, United States
Safety Index:
* Based on Research & Crime Data

No, the town of Elephant Butte, New Mexico, has nothing to do with the rear end of an elephant.

The word is pronounced “Byoote,” rhyming with “boot.”

The town is tucked between the rugged Sierra Blanca and Caballo Mountain, where the Rio Grande stretches into the largest lake in New Mexico.

Founded in 1916, this lake community gets its peculiar name from a rock formation in Elephant Butte Lake that resembles the hulking body of an elephant lying on its side.

For a while, the butte was underwater, but low water levels brought it back to the surface.

Today, Elephant Butte Lake State Park draws visitors from across New Mexico and beyond.

At over 40 miles long, there are robust beaches with lively atmospheres or secluded spots to relax.

The lake’s blue waters provide respite from the desert heat and opportunities for fishing, sailing, kayaking, and swimming.

Miles of trails wind through desert scrub and along the lake shore, offering stellar hiking and mountain biking.

Early risers can catch magnificent sunrises from the lakeshore, with the glassy water reflecting the glowing orange and pink hues.

You will also love the pristine night skies, as the closest major city is Albuquerque, two hours away.

The area surrounding Elephant Butte also promises adventures.

Next door, Truth or Consequences has natural hot springs to soak in and several quirky museums.

Just south of town lies the Monticello Box, an 85-square-mile wilderness study area managed by the Bureau of Land Management.

Here, desert bighorn sheep clamber over rocky cliffs, and peculiar rock formations rise from the parched earth.

With its laidback vibe and access to outstanding natural beauty and recreation, Elephant Butte is the perfect safe New Mexico escape.

Warnings & Dangers in Elephant Butte

Overall Risk


There's a low overall risk here, provided you use common sense and know desert outdoor safety. The recreational opportunities make for four seasons of fun.

Transport & Taxis Risk


You need your own car or a rental car to get around. You won't find shuttles or public transportation here. Taxis and rideshares are available, but you still need to get TO Elephant Butte.

Pickpockets Risk


This is a low risk, but it's not low enough that you can just leave your stuff on the beach and go swimming without worrying about thieves. If you have an RV site, don't leave your stuff outside when you go on adventures.

Natural Disasters Risk


Another reason to bring your stuff inside the RV is because of the wicked winds that sweep across this desert in spring. Summer monsoons can pop up quickly with dangerous lightning and flash flood-inducing rains. Extreme heat is a risk in the summer. Treat it with medium risk and stay weather aware.

Mugging Risk


This is a low risk, but again, not low enough to carry all your valuables with you and put them on display. Bring only what you need and keep it in a safe place.

Terrorism Risk


The risk is low for the town, but the nearby Spaceport America and White Sand Missile Range will always be considered potential targets. With that risk comes a lot of security from the federal government down to local authorities.

Scams Risk


This is another low risk. I couldn't find a single reference to a recent scam reported in this area, but you should always be on the lookout for a deal that seems too good to be true. Don't give panhandlers any money, either.

Women Travelers Risk


Another low risk in this category, with a great family-friendly or lively girlfriend's getaway region, especially with the hot springs of Truth or Consequences nearby.

Tap Water Risk


The latest water quality report posted in Elephant Butte is from 2021, when no violations occurred, and all standards were met. You shouldn't drink water from the river without treating it first. Check with the city's social media sites to see if there is any water quality issues while you're there.

Safest Places to Visit in Elephant Butte

The Elephant Butte State Park website is the first stop for anyone who wants to enjoy the lake activities.

You can get trail maps, fishing hot spots, safety information, and campsite reservations there.

The city of Elephant Butte has a website with some tourism information, but it’s more helpful to find local events than a list of places to see.

The best resource is the Sierra County, New Mexico tourism website.

With a separate section for Elephant Butte, you get more hyperlocal information.

The state park is where most people visit when they come through Elephant Butte.

For my money, I’d get a camping reservation on the beach.

You can explore the water by boat or paddling ride, and don’t miss the “Burger Barge,” which is a floating restaurant near the base of Kettle Top Mountain.

Hikers can explore the rugged trails of the surrounding area, with great views and chances to see desert wildlife and spring wildflowers.

Birding is popular here, too, with some sea birds making their way this far inland, but please don’t feed the birds (or any wildlife, for that matter).

With its colossal curved wall holding back the stunning turquoise waters of Elephant Butte Lake, stop by the dam to learn about the engineering marvel.

You can cool off in the visitor’s center or walk along the top of the dam for sensational views.

You can also consider staying in the Dam Site Historic District, where those who built the dam lived during construction.

The Sierra del Rio golf course here is ranked as one of the best in the state.

Sunrise and twilight tee times are available, but any time of day offers great views of the surrounding desert as you work through 18 holes.

The town of Truth or Consequences is next to Elephant Butte, with more than a dozen hot spring resorts to soak in after a hard day of play.

You can read more about the other things to do there in our separate article.

Places to Avoid in Elephant Butte

You don’t need to avoid dangerous neighborhoods or bad parts of town in Elephant Butte because there aren’t any.

That said, stay away from the neighborhood streets and off private property out of respect.

If you have never hiked a desert before, do your research to avoid the most common risks.

The trails are exposed and can be suffocatingly hot in the summer.

Try to limit summer hikes to before 10 am or after 5 pm.

The beating sun can cause sunburn-like you’ve never experienced before.

I made a mistake on my first trip to a desert lake, and I ended up getting a second-degree burn on an exposed shoulder.

Keep adding sunscreen throughout the day.

There’s a common saying in the desert “If you are thirsty, you’re already dehydrated.”

Keep a steady flow of water coming in, and eat salty snacks to replace what your body is losing.

You won’t sweat as much here, since the dry climate evaporates sweat quickly.

Those drinking alcohol should drink a bottle of water between each alcoholic beverage.

Safety Tips for Traveling to Elephant Butte

  1. Law enforcement here comes from either the state park rangers or the Sierra County Sheriff’s Office. You should store their respective phone numbers in your phone. I can’t find a valid social media site for the sheriff, so you should check the website for updated information.
  2. It’s important to stay aware of safety and weather risks here, and that’s why the county uses the popular CodeRED notification system. Signing up is easy, and you’ll get direct alerts on your mobile device. There is wireless service at the state park, which means you’ll be connected to these alerts.
  3. Bookmark the Elephant Butte Lake State Park website to check the “restrictions” section each day you are there. Low water levels can lead to some areas being off-limits, and fire restrictions can impact your activities.
  4. Review the hunting areas in the state park and avoid those areas during the hunting season. If you are using the trails on that side, be sure you wear Hunter Orange clothing to stand out.
  5. Anglers need a fishing license from the New Mexico Department of Fish & Game. That applies to anyone between 12 and 70 years old. Purchase that online before you go. The Elephant Butte State Park website also has a list of fishing guides you can hire to help you find the best fishing holes.
  6. If you are planning to visit the lake during a holiday weekend, be prepared for big crowds. More than 65,000 people visited for Memorial Day 2023. Use extra caution when the crowds are this large.
  7. New Mexico law requires you to wear a lifejacket if you are on a kayak, paddleboard, or floating device. It’s not enough to have it with you. You must have it on. Elephant Butte does have loaner lifejackets, so you don’t need to purchase one unless you want your own to keep.
  8. If rain is in the forecast, do not go hiking. The 15 miles of hiking trails at the park are wonderful to explore, but they cross over many arroyos (dry streambeds) that can be flooded with water during monsoons. You could easily be swept away if you get caught in one of them.
  9. Campers are required to reserve a spot. You can’t just show up and set up camp in the state park. You can choose the section of the park to stay in and select which amenities you need.
  10. There is freshwater scuba diving allowed in the lake, but low lake levels will make the water very cloudy and hard to see. That can impact your orientation underwater. Check with a local scuba shop before you consider this.

So... How Safe Is Elephant Butte Really?

It’s really hard to find crime data on Elephant Butte, and here’s why:

  1. The Sierra County Sheriff’s Office oversees law enforcement here, and they cover a large county with several small towns. Any data I would have doesn’t just apply to Elephant Butte.
  2. Any news search you do of Elephant Butte for crime will bring up a horrendous crime spree that involved a sexual psychopath who tortured and sometimes killed women in his “sex dungeon.” He was caught and died in prison, but the story still makes headlines for various reasons.

What I can tell you is that in the past decade, Sierra County’s “most dangerous” year still had a violent crime rate below the national average and half the New Mexico violent crime average.

Even theft rates, at their worst, were 70% lower than the national average.

All that said, this is a lake town, which means transient people and plenty of distractions that could cause people to let their guard down.

I’ve seen reviews of the lake from people who claim they were robbed, and I’ve seen others saying it was the getaway they desperately needed.

This lake can be a party town, with boisterous teenagers or adults letting loose.

It can also be a great family adventure.

The risks here also come in the form of lake dangers, wilderness safety risks, and sun exposure.

As long as you’ve done your due diligence on those topics and stay aware of your surroundings, you should love this desert oasis.

How Does Elephant Butte Compare?

CitySafety Index
Elephant Butte73
Washington DC56
New York City67
San Diego67
Calgary (Canada)82
Buenos Aires (Argentina)60
Vancouver (Canada)82
Cordoba (Argentina)61
Toronto (Canada)81
Melbourne (Australia)80

Useful Information



International travelers need a passport that doesn't expire within six months paired with a visa or visa waiver. Only people from certain countries are eligible for the waiver. That information can be found on the U.S. State Department website.



The U.S. Dollar will be the only currency accepted here. Try to purchase everything on a credit card for the best fraud protection, but don't try to exchange currency in this small town. Your home bank is the best option, with the lowest fees and best value.



Elephant Butte can be a city of extremes, from bitterly cold winter nights to scorching summer days. You must have sunscreen, sunglasses, and a hat to block the rays at any time of year. Hiking boots and casual clothing will be ideal in this rugged desert region. Always keep a hoodie or jacket with you for cooler nights.



Albuquerque International Sunport is your best option, just two hours north and large enough to get you to major destinations. One thing to note is that ABQ doesn't have currency exchange at the airport.

Travel Insurance

Travel Insurance

Travel insurance for your flight and road travel is imperative. If you don't have health insurance here, pick up a travel health supplement policy to cover everything from accidents to bad sunburn.

Click here to get an offer for travel insurance

Elephant Butte Weather Averages (Temperatures)

Jan 6° C
Feb 9° C
Mar 12° C
Apr 17° C
May 21° C
Jun 27° C
Jul 28° C
Aug 26° C
Sep 23° C
Oct 17° C
Nov 11° C
Dec 5° C
Choose Temperature Unit

Average High/Low Temperature

Temperature / MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

New Mexico - Safety by City

CitySafety Index
Elephant Butte73
Las Cruces46
Los Alamos71
Red River72
Rio Rancho72
Santa Fe32
Silver City72
Truth or Consequences74

Where to Next?

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